A CONSTRUÇÃO DE UMA ESCALA DE ATITUDES SOCIAIS EM RELAÇÃO À INCLUSÃO: NOTAS PRELIMINARES
CONSTRUCTION OF A SOCIAL ATTITUDE SCALE TOWARD INCLUSION: PRELIMINARY NOTES
ABSTRACT: it is reported some activities developed to construct a scale for measuring social attitudes toward inclusion. Starting from themes and sub-themes related to inclusion, identified in a corpus of texts, a preliminary version of 100 items like Likert scale was elaborated with five alternatives expressing different degrees of agreement or disagreement. The preliminary version was applied to an heterogeneous sample of 266 persons. The analysis of items, accomplished with Student t test and the chi-square, revealed a great number of items with strong discrimination power, which allowed to construct two equivalent forms of the scale with 30 items in each form. Half of those items were positive, that is, the agreement with the statement expresses favorable attitudes, and the other half was constituted by negative items, in which the agreement with the statement expressed unfavorable attitudes. In each form, a lie scale with five items was included, which had the function of identifying tendency to falsify the answers. The answer to these items was predictable, because in the preliminary study almost the totality of respondents agreed with the respective statement, regardless of the degree of favorability or unfavorability of their social attitudes toward inclusion. These two versions of the scale were applied to several samples aiming to study their reliability and validity, the establishment of population parameters and analysis of the generality and temporal stability of the phenomenon under measuring. The respective reports are in preparation.
KEYWORDS: inclusion; social attitudes; scales; item analysis.
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