AVALIAÇÃO DAS HABILIDADES COGNITIVAS, DA COMUNICAÇÃO E NEUROMOTORAS DE CRIANÇAS COM RISCO DE ALTERAÇÕES DO DESENVOLVIMENTO
ASSESSMENT OF THE COGNITIVE, COMMUNICATION AND NEUROMOTOR SKILLS OF CHILDREN AT RISK FOR DEVELOPMENTAL ALTERATIONS
Andréia da Cunha Tavares AMARAL; Maria de Lourdes Merighi TABAQUIM; Dionísia Aparecida Cusin LAMÔNICA
ABSTRACT: the objective of this study was to assess the functional and neuropsychomotor skills of children who presented a clinical history of a risk for developmental alterations during their first year of life in the motor, cognitive, linguistic and psychosocial areas. Sixty children were assessed and classified into two groups: the Experimental Group (GI), made up of 30 children ranging from zero to two years and eleven months old, of both sexes, with a history of peri-, pre- and postnatal intercurrences and/or neuropsychomotor delay; the Control Group (GII), made up of 30 children without any history of developmental alterations, and matched according to sex and age. When the two groups (GI and GII) were compared, the results revealed a statistically significant difference in GI in the motor, language and cognitive areas. In the comparative analysis between the different areas, those that revealed the biggest detriment were the language and motor skills, followed by the cognitive skills. The psychosocial area was the least compromised and in the comparison between the two groups the scores were not statistically significant. This shows the influence of risk factors in the developmental process and the importance of an early follow-up with those children that reveal a history of intercurrences.
KEYWORDS: language, psychomotor development, socialization, special education.
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