INTERAÇÃO ENTRE PROFESSORA E ALUNOS EM SALAS DE AULA COM PROPOSTA PEDAGÓGICA DE EDUCAÇÃO INCLUSIVA

TEACHER AND STUDENTS’ INTERACTION IN CLASSROOMS WITH PEDAGOGICAL PROPOSAL IN INCLUSIVE EDUCATION

Simone Cerqueira da SILVA; Maria Salete Fábio ARANHA

ABSTRACT: theoretical currents present in the scientific literature have demonstrated the importance of interpersonal relationships in the process of knowledge construction. The relationship between the students’ educational needs and the available pedagogical responses occurs in the context of teacher-student interaction. Such a relationship involves the teacher’s mastery of knowledge, his technic-scientifical capability and ability to teach through research, the socio-cultural characteristics and psychological profiles of the social actors involved – teacher and student. With the goal of searching for a better understanding of this universe, this study was developed and aimed at describing the interactions occurring between a teacher and her students in classrooms in which it was proposed to adopt an inclusive classroom. The data were collected in 2 classrooms in a public primary school in the city of Bauru. The data collecting process was carried out by videotaping the classroom allowing the data to be reviewed later. The taping took place during the first semester of the 2001 school year. The analysis of the data was based on a previously developed system of categories, and the data were dealt quantitative and qualitatively. The results showed peculiarities and differences in the interactions of the teacher with her students, due to the presence or absence of disability. The interaction also demonstrated advances in educational practice regarding the teacher´s attention to the student with disability.

KEYWORDS: inclusive education; student-teacher interaction; special educational needs.

 

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