O JOGO NO ENSINO DE CONCEITOS A PESSOAS COM PROBLEMAS DE APRENDIZAGEM: UMA PROPOSTA METODOLÓGICA DE ENSINO
TEACHING CONCEPTS TO PEOPLE WITH LEARNING PROBLEMS: A METHODOLOGICAL PROPOSAL FOR TEACHING USING GAMES
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficiency of teaching concepts, relevant to daily life, to people that present learning problems, exposing the participants to collective games. Fifteen pupils were subjects of this study, eleven boys and four girls from low class families, with age varying from eight to thirteen years. The Columbia Mental Maturity Scale and Raven’s Coloured Progressive Matrices were used to evaluate the participants’ general and intellectual reasoning ability. The design used was pre-test, training, post-test and generalization tests. The Test of Basic Concepts of Boehm was used in the pre and post-tests. The teaching of concepts was based on a conception that has as its basis the principle of connection between action and cognitive development, and the game as a way of teaching, guided by oral language, objects and pictures. Strategies guiding to cooperative learning with construction of challenging situations were also used in order to activate the participants’ cognitive schemes. The results pointed out the positive effects of the procedures with implications to inclusive education.
KEYWORDS: games; learning problems; inclusive education.
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